Saz – ancient string musical instrument from Azerbaijan, one of the symbols of the Turkish world and Turkish spirituality – AZERTAC
Baku, March 17, AZERTAC
Saz is an ancient stringed musical instrument from Azerbaijan, which is also considered one of the symbols of the Turkish world and Turkish spirituality.
Ashig (folk) songs – an essential part of Azerbaijani wedding celebrations, are often accompanied by balaban (small wind instrument resembling zurna) and wind ensembles, but the main musical instrument in these songs is the saz .
An integral part of ashig art, rooted in the tradition of the great ozans, the saz is played with plectrum and fingering.
There are several sizes of saz: large (8-11 strings), medium (8-9 strings) and small (4-7 strings).
The modern Azerbaijani saz is considered the perfect descendant of the gopuz. The modern Azerbaijani saz differs from the saz prevalent among other Turkic peoples in terms of technical performance and acoustic characteristics, with considerable advantages.
The instrument is composed of 2 parts: a bowl and a handle. The body of the saz is made of specific types of mulberry wood. The handle is made of walnut wood. The surface is usually decorated with mother-of-pearl.
The trunk of the body is assembled from odd-numbered pieces of wood (usually nine). These offsets are assembled on a small piece called the “kup”, which connects the body to the neck. The neck is attached to the “kup”. The upper body is covered with a thin wooden soundboard and 16-17 frets are attached to the fingerboard of the instrument.
The “tavar saz”, or “ana saz”, has nine, sometimes eight strings. The smallest “orta” or “goltug” saz has six, sometimes seven strings.
The “jura saz”, which is the smallest, has four to six strings. Strings were once made of high quality steel tempered in a silver solution; these ropes have never rusted and only broken in very rare cases.
In an orchestra of national instruments, the saz is used as a solo instrument. Usually the saz “goltug” or “jura” is used for this purpose. The sound of the saz is produced using a plectrum, which, as a rule, is made from the bark of a cherry tree.
The basic “Tavar” saz has a total length of 1,200 mm. The depth of the body is 200 mm. The range of the tavar saz goes from the “do” of the first octave to the “sol” of the second octave.
AZERTAG.AZ :Saz – ancient string musical instrument from Azerbaijan, one of the symbols of the Turkish world and Turkish spirituality
© Content on this site must be hyperlinked when used.